Effects of Cannabis Use on Sedation Requirements for Endoscopic Procedures
Retrospective review of 250 medical records with regard to age and gender to determine whether differences were present among different groups as to the relative amount of sedation medication required in cannabis users vs nonusers.
Context: Cannabis (or marijuana) became legal for recreational use in Colorado in
2012, and this legislation change has created both challenges and opportunities in medicine. More
patients are using cannabis, and more patients are now willing to admit cannabis use than in the
past, which increases the likelihood that they will be forthcoming about use during medical
questioning. Cannabis use may have implications during medical care, including procedural sedation.
Objective: To determine whether regular cannabis use had any effect on the dose of medication
needed for sedation during endoscopic procedures.
Methods: A total of 250 medical records were reviewed from 1 endoscopy center and 1 endoscopist to
minimize the variability in sedation technique for the study purposes. The cohort was reviewed with
regard to age and gender to determine whether differences were present among different groups as to
the relative amount of sedation medication required in cannabis users vs nonusers.
Results: Medical records from 250 patients were reviewed, and researchers found that compared with
people who did not regularly use cannabis, people who regularly used cannabis required an amount of
sedation for endoscopic procedures that was signiﬁcantly higher (P=.05).
Conclusion: Determining cannabis use before procedural sedation can be an important tool for
planning patient care and assessing both medication needs and possible risks related to increased
dosage requirements during endoscopic procedures.
J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2019;119(5):307-311. Published online April 15, 2019.
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